Phenomenological Reviews

Series | Book | Chapter


Two telling examples about belief and time

Ian R Owen

pp. 225-240


This chapter provides two worked examples of how ideal interpretations of intentionality formulate a person's defence, distress and impairment map of the world. Although there are many syndromes and many complex combinations of them, agoraphobia and worry (generalised anxiety disorder) are chosen as exemplars to explain how intentionality makes meanings that are distressing. It would be possible to go through a selection of syndromes and combinations of personality styles and syndromes, but this would take up a good deal of space and be unnecessary because what needs to be explained is how intentionality applies in detail so that readers can abstract the skills and understand how the mapping of the formulation of intentionality applies. One application of pure psychology is creating clear understandings that clients can discuss without training. In other uses of pure psychology, it is possible to be clear about research questions or in presenting provisional experimental findings in a similar manner. The subject matter below briefly notes the answer that meta-representation provides then notes belief and temporality as two major intentional forms in distress and well-being. Two examples are explained and the general process of moving from distress to coping and improving being able to self-soothe and create emotional self-regulation.

Publication details

Published in:

Owen Ian R (2015) Phenomenology in action in psychotherapy: on pure psychology and its applications in psychotherapy and mental health care. Dordrecht, Springer.

Pages: 225-240

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-13605-9_12

Full citation:

Owen Ian R (2015) Two telling examples about belief and time, In: Phenomenology in action in psychotherapy, Dordrecht, Springer, 225–240.